Do you want to know facts about the bloodiest battle of the Civil War? On of the most visit locations in the United States, however, Gettysburg is still pestered by false information. Get to know the story straight with these ten key truths.
# 1: Like what everybody believes that it is because of the SHOES, the battle was fought at Gettysburg following the location of the roadway system.
Gettysburg has a growing population of 2,000 with two institutes of greater learning, three newspapers, several churches, and banks, but no storage facility or a shoe factory. The shoe myth can be tracked to 1870’s speech by Henry Heth Confederate Party which led armies to Gettysburg.
#2: The First Day’s Battle was a much larger engagement than is typically portrayed.
The Day 1 battle at Oak Hill, Oak Ridge, McPherson’s Ridge, Barlow’s Knoll, Seminary Ridge, and in and around the town comprised of 50, 000 soldiers of which approximately 15, 500 were wounded, killed, missing and captured. Day 1 itself ranks as the 12th bloodiest battle of the Civil War with more fatalities than the fights of Bull Run and Franklin combined.
#3: The Second Day’s Fight was the biggest and costliest of the three days.
Day 2 of Battle at the Peach Orchard, Cemetery Ridge, Devil’s Den, Little Round Top, Culp’s Hill, the Wheatfield, Trostle’s Farm and Cemetery Hill affected at least 100, 000 soldiers out of 20, 000 were caught or missing wounded and worst killed. Day 2 is the 10th bloodiest fight of the Civil War with far more deaths than Frederick’s Battle.
#4: Out of 120 generals at Gettysburg, nine were injured and or killed throughout the entire battle.
Generals Pettigrew, Barksdale, Armistead, Pender, Semmes and Garnett, on the Confederate side. On the Union side – Generals Zook, Weed, Farnsworth and Reynolds, no other story declared as many officers.
#5: Little Round Top is less bloody compared to Cemetery Hill and Culp’s Hill.
While Little Round Top is much more popular today, its significance to the Union army is at least arguable. The same can not be stated for Culp’s Hill and Cemetery Hill. The two latter hills formed the center and right of the Union’s primary position as well as secured the Union army’s just genuine lifeline on July 2 and 3– the Baltimore Pike. Had Confederates recorded and controlled either of these two hills, the Union army would have had to leave the Gettysburg location.
#6: Pickett’s Charge was huge but not the largest battle of the Civil War.
Pickett’s Charge included some 12,000 Confederate soldiers. However, the Confederate charge at Franklin had roughly 20,000. Even that pales in contrast to the grand Confederate charge at Gaines’ Mill which included more than 50,000 Confederate troops. Even the well-known 260-gun barrage that preceded Pickett’s Charge was not the biggest of the war. There was at least one barrage at Petersburg with more than 400 cannons included.
#7: The Fight of Gettysburg is by far the costliest fight of the Civil War however not necessarily the biggest.
The three days of the Battle of Gettysburg rank in the top 15 bloodiest fights of the Civil War– the 160,000 troops present at Gettysburg is eclipsed by the more than 185,000 at Fredericksburg.
#8: 63 Medals of Honor awarded to Union soldiers for their actions at Gettysburg.
The deeds covered the battleground and were granted from wartime into the 20th century. Eight were granted for actions on July 1, and 28 each for actions on July 2 and July 3.
#9: The Gettysburg Address essentially said the same thing as the popular orator Edward Everett’s speech however in 1/60th the time.
#10: While the Gettysburg Battlefield is well-preserved, there are still various parcels to be conserved.
The National Park and the Civil War Trust have determined the number of unpreserved parcels which are very relevant to the story of America’s greatest battle. The battlefield itself is among the finest resources for historians and others to learn more about the battle.
For a detailed documentary of the battle of Gettysburg, watch this video: