The story of Civil War soldiers and battles is known. Not so well known are the experiences of non-combatants: white women and children of the north and south, southern slaves, and males who, for a variety of reasons, were not in the armies. White northern women served as nurses and other support positions. White southern women and children were forced to cope with hunger and refugee life. Fortunate Wives sometimes got to visit their husbands at the front. Civilians of all types were often in harm’s way during battles and often had to deal with the destructive aftermath. Slave women often supported their white mistresses as they shared the common bonds of fear, uncertainty and deprivation. Freed slaves sometimes found themselves forced to work for their Union liberators. The characteristic traits among all noncombatants seemed to be a determination to survive, whatever the dangers, humiliations, disappointments, challenges, losses, and disruptions. They endured and in doing so left a shining legacy for their descendants and for their reunited country that has persisted down through the ages.