picture of women in Civil War

Role of Women during Civil War

Ever wonder what are the roles of Women during the American Civil War?

The lives of women changed significantly during the American Civil War. They played essential functions both in your house and on the battlefield. On the home front, women for both sides had to handle the household while their spouses and kids were off battling the great battles. On the battleground, ladies helped to supply the soldiers, provide medical care, and worked as spies. Some women even combated as soldiers.

Life in the house Handling Home
With many of the adult males off to war, it was up to females to manage the home by themselves. Often this included running the farms or businesses that their other halves left behind.

Raising Loan
Women also raised and solicited money for the war effort. They organize an event like raffle draws and fairs to utilized the cash to support paying for war materials.

Taking over Men’s Jobs
Lots of women took on jobs that had been typically guys’ jobs before the war. They operated in factories and in federal government positions that were left when Men left to combat. This altered the understanding of females’ functions in everyday life and helped to move the women’s rights motion in the United States of America.

Caring for Soldiers in Camp
Women also contributed looking after the soldiers while they were camped and getting ready for battle. They stitched uniforms, supplied blankets, mended shoes, washed clothes, and cooked for the soldiers.

Possibly an essential role ladies played throughout the war was providing healthcare for sick and injured soldiers. Countless ladies worked as nurses throughout the war. The Union had the most organized nursing and relief efforts organized by females such as Dorothea Dix and Clara Barton. These females fed the sick, kept their plasters clean, and helped doctors when required.

Some of the top spies for both sides throughout the Civil War were women. They were usually women who lived or worked on one side, however privately supported the opposite. They consisted of servant ladies in the South who handed down troop movements and information to the North. They likewise consisted of females in the North who supported the South and were able to persuade officers to tell them crucial information that would assist the South. Some females even ran spy rings from their homes where they would hand down info offered to them from local spies.

Females as Soldiers
Although women were not enabled to kill as soldiers, lots of ladies still handled to join the army and battle. They accomplished this by disguising themselves as men. They would cut their hair brief and wear large clothes. Since the soldiers overslept their clothing and hardly ever changed clothing or bathed, many women had the ability to stay undetected and battle alongside the men for a long time. If a lady was discovered, she was typically just sent out home without being punished.

Influential Women
There were many influential women throughout the Civil War. You can learn more about a few of them in the following biographies:

Clara Barton – Civil War nurse who developed the American Red Cross.

Dorothea Dix – Superintendant of Army Nurses for the Union. She likewise was an activist for the mentally ill.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton – She fought for completion to slavery and ladies’ rights.

Harriet Beecher Stowe – she is the author who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin which revealed the cruelty and brutality of slavery to people in the North.

Harriet Tubman – Escaped slave who worked on the Underground Railway and later as a Union spy during the war.

Intriguing Facts about Ladies in the Civil War

Mary Walker was the only lady who formally worked as a Union medical professional during the American Civil War. She was captured once by the soldiers from South but was later freed and made the Congressional Medal of Honor.

Initially, Dorothea Dix needed that all the female nurses be over the age of 30.

The famous author Louisa May Alcott who wrote Little Women worked as a nurse for the Union.

It is estimated that over 400 ladies battled in the war as soldiers camouflaged as guys.

Clara Barton once stated that the Civil War advanced the position of females by 50 years.

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